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Yorkshire Terrier Breed Guide

Yorkshire Terrier Breed Guide

Affectionate, lively and clever, Yorkshire Terriers — or ‘Yorkies’ — are a popular breed that make wonderful companions.

The history of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier’s origins unsurprisingly trace
back to Yorkshire in the UK. First seen during the 19th century, it is thought that Scottish workers brought terriers to Yorkshire to help miners with pest control before being brought into wealthier households as family

Extra small dog Extra small dog
Up to 3.2kg Adult weight Up to 3.2kg
16 years Average life expectancy 16 years
Need a lot of grooming Need a lot of grooming
Can be fussy eaters Can be fussy eaters
Alert and intelligent Alert and intelligent
<h2> Common Yorkshire Terrier health issues  </h2>

Common Yorkshire Terrier health issues  

One of the most common health problems in Yorkshire Terriers is oral and dental sensitivities—such as plaque buildup, tartar formation and gingivitis.

Another Yorkshire Terrier health concern is sensitive skin. Their signature silky coat is constantly growing, and they don’t have a furry undercoat, which means they don’t moult. Without the protection of an undercoat, the
Yorkie’s skin is more susceptible to sensitivities.

Nutrition: What is the best food for aYorkshire Terrier?

To keep Yorkshire Terriers strong and healthy, they need a well-balanced diet that’s packed with essential nutrients, such as:

  • High-quality proteins to help maintain muscle mass.
  • Highly digestible nutrients to support healthy digestion.
  • Antioxidants to support a strong immune system.
  • Essential fatty acids to support skin and coat health.

Lifelong nutrition

A dog’s nutritional needs change throughout their life – a Yorkie puppy’s needs are different from those of an adult or ageing Yorkie.

ROYAL CANIN® Yorkshire Terrier diets are specifically designed to support the nutritional needs of Yorkies and to help keep your dog healthy at every stage of life, from puppyhood, through adulthood and into their senior years.



Curious, energetic and always on the move, Yorkies are full of beans! They love attention and can be somewhat overprotective of their owners. Because they’re Terriers, Yorkies do like to bark
a lot, which makes them excellent watchdogs!

Yorkshire Terriers adapt well to their surroundings, but they need lots of physical and mental stimulation. Training, long walks, and games are all great ways to keep your Yorkie’s mind and body busy.


 Yorkies are well-proportioned little dogs that carry themselves with a confident air.


Small and compact with a straight back.


Long, flowing and darker than the rest of the body.


Small and not particularly prominent or round.


V-shaped and small with shorter fur.


Short and flat with even jaws.

Common Questions

Yorkshire Terrier puppies grow astonishingly fast. Their weight increases tenfold in just 7 or 8
weeks, they usually reach their adult weight at around 7 months of age. 

The average expected life span for dogs of the Yorkshire Terrier breed is around 16 years.

The average weight for an adult Yorkshire Terrier is about 3-3.5kg.

A teacup Yorkshire Terrier (or a ‘Teacup Terrier’) is a smaller version of the standard-sized, pure-bred Yorkshire Terrier. The Yorkshire Terrier Teacup’s lifespan is around 12 years and their adult weight is usually up to 3.2kg.

Before becoming popular house pets, Yorkshire Terriers were bred to work in mines and mills to help with pest control. Because of their small size, they were also often used by hunters to seek out animals hiding in burrows or on the forest floor.

You can! Giving your Yorkie a mixture of wet and dry food means they will reap the benefits of both food types. You don’t have to mix both the wet and dry food in the bowl together, you can just give your dog one pouch of ROYAL
CANIN® Yorkshire Terrier in Loaf and adapt your dry food ratio according to the on-pack feeding guide.

A happy life with your Yorkie


Yorkies just love being the centre of attention, but they’re very protective – so they may bark if strangers get too close.


Although Yorkies can get along well with other dogs, they can be somewhat nervous and feel easily threatened. Yorkies tend to prefer the company of other Yorkshire Terriers, but in time they can form good relationships with other breeds – and even with cats!


Yorkshire Terriers are curious canines, they just love being out and about and exploring the world. Although they’re energetic dogs, it’s important to remember that there’s a limit to how much exercise they need in one day.


Grooming a Yorkshire Terrier calls for special attention to their long, silky coat. Regular brushing helps remove any debris from their coat, and it’s recommended that a professional Yorkshire Terrier grooming session (including a hair trim) occurs around once a month.


Yorkies are curious by nature, so they enjoy both indoor and outdoor games. Treasure hunts, puzzle games and hide and seek are often popular with lively Yorkshire Terriers.


To keep them from putting on extra pounds that can cause health concerns, Yorkies need a higher energy diet than medium-sized breeds. Try taking pieces of kibble from their daily meal allowance to use as treats.

Find the right food for your dog

At Maltby’s, we offer a wide range of high-quality Royal Canin wet and dry dog food, specifically formulated to suit your beloved companion’s needs.

View our range

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